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Walters Ms. W.148, Homilary

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Shelf mark

W.148


Manuscript

Homilary


Text title
Homilary

Abstract

This richly illuminated fourteenth-century German homilary is particularly interesting for its rare bifolium of drawings bound in at the front of the book. The headgear worn by the nuns in the drawings is characteristic of Cistercensian and Premostratensian nuns in northern Germany as early as circa 1320. Evidence for dating and localization is also found in the manuscript's relationship with a second homilary in the Bodleian Library (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 185). Despite minor codicological differences--page layout, textblock dimensions, and ruling--it seems likely that the two homilaries were composed as a set in one scriptorium. The drawings at the beginning of the Walters manuscript were inspired by miniatures within the book and are very similar to the style of Master of Douce 185, recently identified as a collaborator of the Willehalm Master. Although the Walters homilary lacks internal evidence for localization, it can be attributed to the lower Rhine on the basis of general affinities between work of this region and English art. The Walters homilary is stylistically close to the small ivory book illustrated with fourteen paintings of the Passion in the Victoria and Albert Museum (London, Victoria and Albert Museum, inv. no.11-1872), which has Westphalian and north German characteristics. Palette, figural drawings, the use of checkered spandrels, large ivy-leaf terminals, and ape marginalia in the Walters homilary are also close to fragments of an antiphonary from Westphalia scattered in German collections (Düsseldorf, Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. D. 37a, b, c and Hamm, Städtisches Gustav-Lübcke-Museum, Mss 5474-5476). A second group of stylistically related manuscripts can be found in a two-volume antiphonary from the Dominican nunnery of Paradise near Soest (Düsseldorf, Universitätsbibliothek, Mss. D.7 and D.9).


Date

First half of the 14th century CE


Origin

Lower Rhineland


Form

Book


Genre

Liturgical


Language:

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.


Support material

Parchment

Finely prepared parchment ranges from thin to thick; cropped on all three outer edges; sometimes lower margin cut off; several holes and stitches visible


Extent

Foliation: i+283+i

Flyleaves not original; probably made of sixteenth-century paper, as is pastedown on each end; modern pencil foliation upper right corners, rectos


Collation

Formula: 1(3,-1), 2-36(8)

Signatures: Modern pencil collation written in lower left margins, versos

Comments: Quires begin on fols. 1(1), 4(2), 3(12), 4(20), 5(28), 6(36), 7(44), 8(52), 9(60), 10(68), 11(76), 12(84), 13(92), 14(100), 15(108), 16(116), 17(124), 18(132), 19(140), 20(148), 21(156), 22(164), 23(172), 24(180), 25(188), 26(196), 27(204), 28(212), 29(220), 30(228), 31(236), 32(244), 33(252), 34(260), 35(268), 36(276)


Dimensions

21.2 cm wide by 30.5 cm high


Written surface

15.0 cm wide by 20.3 cm high


Layout
  1. Columns: 2
  2. Ruled lines: 4-19
  3. Ruled in brown ink (sepia)

Contents:
fols. 1r - 283v:
  1. Title: Homilary
  2. Contents: The homilary covers the period from the vigil of Easter through Pentecost.
  3. Hand note: Large and well-separated Gothic textualis of a style fashionable in the late thirteenth century
  4. Decoration note: In addition to four drawings now bound in at the front of the book, the manuscript contains four full-page miniatures, one of one-column width, six smaller miniatures set into the text, and twenty-four historiated initials of varying size, some of them filling most of a page. The manuscript also contains fifty decorated initials and versals in red and blue with filigree penwork, as well as red rubrics. Fols. 4r-99v contain band borders around three or four sides of each page and in the intercolumniation. The grounds are decorated in gold or blue with delicate foliate patterns: palmette, vines with profile leaves or ivy, dragons with vine tails, rosettes and other patterns. Fols. 20r and 51r are decorated with hart hunts, fol. 22 v with oak leaves, and fol. 62v with battling apes. Fols. 4r-11r are decorated with trilobed arches with turrets; fols. 11v, 52r-59v are decorated with round gold arches with turrets; fols. 68r-83v and fols. 92r-99v are decorated with round red and olive arches with turrets. Part of an illuminated leaf has been cut into strips and used to reinforce the joint of the binding. The strip has been removed from the binding and now is housed in the manuscript's box.
fols. 1r - 2v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: (Fol. 1v) Tam jocundam solemnitatem tam miram veri luminis claritatem tam splendidam gratiae celsitudinem omnis lexus agnoscere omnis aetas in mente habere omnis debet conditio suscipere. Nescire enim
  3. Text note: The rubric repeats the lines that terminate the Sermon of St. Augustine on fol. 23r. The verses are also found in chapter 27 of Rupert of Deutz's De Divinis Officiis.
  4. Decoration note: This bifolium with drawings is a later addition to the manuscript. Fol. 1r, historiated initial "D," 9 lines. The initial ends with a dragon tail; St. Mark holds a book standing on a lion; it is based on the initial at fol. 24r. Fol. 1v, historiated initial "D," 8 lines. The initial has a dragon tail and leaves. St. Gregory seated holds a book on his lap and bestows a blessing with his right hand; the figure of the saint is adapted form the illumination at fol. 24v. Fol. 2r, Virgin holding the Child on her left arm and a globe in her right hand under a baldachin; the illumination is based on fol. 23r. Fol. 2v represents the Resurrection. Christ steps out of the sepulcher holding the banner on his left hand while blessing with his right. Two angels remove the lid of the grave while a third angel holding a censer flies on Christ's right. In front of the grave, four soldiers are sleeping. On the left margin of the page, nuns pray under an architecture while looking at the scene. The illumination is based on those at fols. 23v and 46r.
fols. 3r - 3v:
  1. Title: Gospel of Matthew, ch. 28, verse 1 and forward
  2. Rubric: In sacratissima vigilia pasche ad mensam. Lectio sancti evangellii secundum Mattheum
  3. Incipit: In illo tempore vespere autem sabbati quae Lucescit
  4. Text note: Only chap. 28, verse 1 is given, ending "sepulchrum et reliqua" on fol. 3v
  5. Decoration note: Full-page illuminated initial "I," fol. 3r
fols. 3v - 16r:
  1. Title: Homily on the Vigil of Easter
  2. Rubric: Omelia venerabilis Bede presbiteri de eadem lectione
  3. Incipit: Vigilias nobis huius sacratissime noctis sicut ex lectione
  4. Decoration note: Full-page historiated initial "V," fol. 3v
fols. 16r - 19r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Domini nostri ihesu christi honorabilem solempnitatem sua favente
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "D," fol. 16r
fols. 19r - 19v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Incipit: Dominus noster immolatus, sabbato quievit in sepulchro
  3. Decoration note: Historiated initial "D," fol. 19r
fols. 19v - 20v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Incipit: Sabbatum sanctum post profundam tristiciae noctem, diescit nobis
  3. Decoration note: Historiated initial "S," fol. 19v
fols. 20v - 23r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Dicendum nobis est quod vel quibus
  4. Text note: Rubric appears to be added later
  5. Decoration note: Full-page illumination, fol. 21r; historiated initial "D," fol. 21v; column miniature, fol. 23r
fols. 23v - 24r:
  1. Title: Gospel of Mark, chap. 16, verse 1 and forward
  2. Rubric: Lectio sancti evangelii secundum Marcum
  3. Incipit: In illo tempore Maria Magdalene et Maria Iacobi et Salome
  4. Text note: Text ends verse 2 "iam sole et reliqua"
  5. Decoration note: Full-page miniature, fol. 23v; historiated initial "I," fol. 24r
fols. 32v - 38r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini in sancto die post homeliam ad messam
  3. Incipit: Passionem vel resurrectionem domini
  4. Decoration note: Prefatory miniatures, 32v-33r, historiated initial "P," fol. 33v
fols. 38r - 42r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Maximi episcopi. In sancto die ad mensam
  3. Incipit: Non in merito fratres
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "N," fol. 38r
fols. 42r - 45r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Item in sancto die paschae ad mensam. Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Non queo fratres karissimi, quod mente
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "N," fol. 42r
fols. 45r - 48v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini episcopi. In sancto die ad collacionem
  3. Incipit: Hec est dies quam fecit dominus
  4. Decoration note: Prefatory miniatures, fol 45r-45v; historiated initial "H," fol. 46r
fols. 48v - 52r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria secunda
  3. Incipit: Deus per quem omnis creatura fit ex nichilo
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "D," fol. 49r
fols. 52r - 53r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria quarta
  3. Incipit: Christus paganis torquendus
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "C," fol. 52r
fols. 53r - 54r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria quinta
  3. Incipit: Interea rex gloriae cum exercitu angelorum
fols. 54r - 55v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria sexta
  3. Incipit: Ut ortus est sol, qui cognovit occasum
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "U," fol. 54v
fols. 55v - 57r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Dominica quasimodo ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Populus dei ab hostibus olim
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "P," fol. 55v
fols. 57r - 57v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria secunda quasimodo
  3. Incipit: Iudaicus quippe populus
fols. 57v - 58v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria sexta ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Samson media nocte claustra
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "S," fol. 57v
fols. 58v - 59v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Ad collationem feria tercia quasimodo
  3. Incipit: Fertur quod leo
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "F," fol. 59r
fols. 59v - 60v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria quarta
  3. Incipit: Fenix serat ulta quingentos annot
fols. 60v - 62v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria secunda introduxit
  3. Incipit: Ponunt mensam discipuli, panes cibos
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "P," fol. 61r
fols. 62v - 68v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Fol. 62v: Sermo beati Maximi episcopi. Fol. 63r: Introduxit ad messam legatam post omeliam
  3. Incipit: Fol. 63r: Exultandum nobis est fratres in hac die quam fecit dominus
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "E," fol. 63r
fols. 68v - 71r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Pascha nostrum dilectissimi
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "P," fol. 68v
fols. 71r - 80r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine on the Resurrection of Christ according to the Gospel of Luke
  2. Rubric: Fol. 71r: Vesper legatur. Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Fol. 71v: Resurrectio domini nostri ihesu cristi
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "R," fol. 71v
fols. 80r - 87r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine. Feria Tertia
  2. Rubric: Fol. 80r: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi. Feria tertia; fol. 81r: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi. Feria tertia
  3. Incipit: Fol. 80r: Hec est dies quam fecit dominus; fol. 81r: Hodie possumus dicere
  4. Decoration note: Two decorated initials "H," fols. 80r, 81r
fols. 87r - 92r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Fol. 87r: De vespe legatur. Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Fol. 87v: Resurrectio domini nostri
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "R," fol. 87v
fols. 92r - 98r:
  1. Title: Feria Quarta
  2. Rubric: Feria quarta
  3. Incipit: Bis in sancto evangelio legitur
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "B," fol. 92r
fols. 98r - 104r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Fol. 98r: Feria quarta. Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Fol. 98v: Hec est dies quam fecit
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial with Christ in Majesty, fol. 97v
fols. 104r - 117r:
  1. Title: Feria Quinta
  2. Rubric: Feria quinta
  3. Incipit: Dilectum in lectulo querim
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "D," fol. 104r
fols. 117r - 119v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi. Feria quinta
  3. Incipit: Cantate domino canticum
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "C," fol. 117r
fols. 119v - 126v:
  1. Title: Feria sexta. Sermon of Peter Lombard
  2. Rubric: Feria sexta. Eduxit sermo beati Petri longobardi
  3. Incipit: Filius accrescens ioseph
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "F," fol. 119v
fols. 126v - 129v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Pascha christi dilectissimi
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "P," fol. 126v
fols. 129v - 135r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Fol. 130r: Cristus resurgens
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "C," fol. 129v
fols. 135r - 141r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sabbato eduxit legatur mane. Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Una sabbati ait ewangelista
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "U," fol. 135r
fols. 141v - 144r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi
  3. Incipit: Domini nostri ihesu christi
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial"D," fol. 141v
fols. 144r - 148v:
  1. Title: On the Celebration of Easter before the Equinox
  2. Rubric: Vesper legatum. Cur pascha non celebretur ante equinoctium
  3. Incipit: Divine auctoritatis est
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "D," fol. 144r
fols. 148v - 149v:
  1. Title: On the Station of Easter Day after the Procession
  2. Rubric: De statione paschalis diei post processionem
  3. Incipit: Sacer ecclesie chorus
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "S," fol. 148v
fols. 149v - 151v:
  1. Title: On the Office of Easter Day
  2. Rubric: De officio paschalis diei
  3. Incipit: Totum diei presentis
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "T," fol. 149v
fols. 151v - 152r:
  1. Title: On the Holy Mary
  2. Rubric: De sancta maria
  3. Incipit: Recte ac laudabiliter
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "R," fol. 151v
fols. 152r - 154r:
  1. Title: Prayer of Saturday
  2. Rubric: Fol. 152r: Sabbato eduxit ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Fol. 152v: Comedi favum cum melle
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "C," fol. 152v
fols. 154r - 167r:
  1. Title: On the Octave of Easter
  2. Rubric: Dominica quasimodo geniti
  3. Incipit: Querendum nobis est
  4. Decoration note: Fol. 154r: One one-column illumination; one historiated initial Q
fols. 167r - 171r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi. Dominica quasimodo
  3. Incipit: Hec est dies quam fecit
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 167r
fols. 171r - 172v:
  1. Title: Prayer of the Saturday
  2. Rubric: Sabbato misericordia ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Dominus noster immolatus
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "D," fol. 171r
fols. 172v - 177v:
  1. Title: On the Second Sunday after Easter
  2. Rubric: Dominica misericordia ad mensam legatur
  3. Incipit: Fol. 173r: Lupus venit
  4. Text note: The text refers in part to the homily of Gregory the Great on the second Sunday after Easter
  5. Decoration note: Decorated initial "L," fol. 173r
fols. 177v - 180r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini epischopi dominica misericordia
  3. Incipit: Hec est dies quam
  4. Decoration note: Ornamented initial "H"
fols. 180r - 181v:
  1. Title: On the Third Saturday after Easter
  2. Rubric: Sabbato jubilate ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Revertere similis esto
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "R," fol. 180r
fols. 181v - 188r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati augustini episcopi. Dominica jubilate ad messam
  3. Incipit: Hec est dies quam fecit
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 181v
fols. 188r - 189v:
  1. Title: Song on the Prayer of Saturday?
  2. Rubric: Sabbato cantate ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Ante sex dies pasche
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "A," fol. 188r
fols. 190r - 194v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Fol. 189v: Dominica cantate ad messam; fol. 190r: Sermo beati augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: (Fol. 190r) Hec est dies quam fecit
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 190r
fols. 194v - 195v:
  1. Title: On the Fourth Sunday after Easter
  2. Rubric: Dominica cantate ad collaciones legat
  3. Incipit: Hec est magna et illa
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 194v
fols. 196r - 197v:
  1. Title: Song on the Prayer of Saturday
  2. Rubric: Fol. 195v: Sabbato vocem locunditatis ad collacionem; fol. 196r: Sermo beati augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Fol. 196r: Magnum et mirabile donum
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "M," fol. 196r
fols. 197v - 204v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Dominica vocem locunditatis ad messam. Sermo beati Augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Hec est dies quam fecit
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 197v
fols. 204v - 212v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Hec est dies quam fecit dominus
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 204v
fols. 212v - 222r:
  1. Title: Bishop Maximus
  2. Rubric: Maximi episcopi. Hec est dies
  3. Incipit: Quam fecit dominus
  4. Decoration note: Two decorated initials: "H," fol. 212v; "C," fol. 219v
fols. 222r - 225v:
  1. Title: Sermon of Pope Leo on the Ascension
  2. Rubric: Sermo beati Leonis papa. In vigiliam ascensionis domini
  3. Incipit: Post beatam et glosiosam resurrectionem
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "P," fol. 222r
fols. 225v - 231v:
  1. Title: Sermon of Pope Leo on the Ascension
  2. Rubric: Fol. 225v: Sermo Leonis pape. In vigilia ascensionis ad mensa
  3. Incipit: Fol. 226r: Sacramentum dilectissimi salutis
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "S," fol. 226r
fols. 231v - 232v:
  1. Title: Prayer on the Ascension
  2. Rubric: Collatio in ascensione domini
  3. Incipit: Omnes gentes plaudite
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "O," fol. 231v
fols. 232v - 239v:
  1. Title: On the Ascension
  2. Rubric: In die ascensionis domini ad mensam. Dominus quidem Ihesus
  3. Incipit: Postquam locutus est
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "D," fol. 232v
fols. 239v - 242r:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Fratres carissimi ascensionis
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "F," fol. 239v
fols. 242v - 248v:
  1. Title: Sermon of St. Augustine
  2. Rubric: Sermo augustini episcopi
  3. Incipit: Fratres karissimi ascensionis
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "F," fol. 242v
fols. 248v - 255r:
  1. Title: Abbot Bernhard
  2. Rubric: Bernhardus abbatis
  3. Incipit: Hodie sedenti in throno
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 248v
fols. 255r - 256v:
  1. Title: Prayer for the Ascension
  2. Rubric: Collatio in die ascensionis domini
  3. Incipit: Post illum resurrectionis
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "P," fol. 255r
fols. 256v - 258v:
  1. Title: Prayer on the Vigil of Pentecost
  2. Rubric: Fol. 256v: Collatio in vigilia penthecostes
  3. Incipit: Fol. 257r: Comedite amici mei et bibite
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "C," fol. 257r
fols. 258v - 269v:
  1. Title: On the Day of Pentecost
  2. Rubric: In die pentecostes ad mensam
  3. Incipit: Audistis fratres karissimi
  4. Decoration note: One illumination and one decorated initial "A," fol. 258v
fols. 269v - 276r:
  1. Title: Sermon of Abbot Bernhard on the Pentecost
  2. Rubric: Fol. 269v: In pentecoste. Sermo Bernhardi abbatis ad mensam; fol. 270r: In sancto die pentecoste
  3. Incipit: Fol. 270r: Hodie dilectissimi celi
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 270r
fols. 276r - 281v:
  1. Title: Sermon of Abbot Bernhard on the Pentecost
  2. Rubric: Fol. 276r: Sermo beati Bernhardi abbatis in penthecoste. In sancto die legatur ad mensam
  3. Incipit: Fol. 276v: Hodie sollempnitatem
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "H," fol. 276v
fols. 281v - 283r:
  1. Title: Prayer on the Day of Pentecost
  2. Rubric: In die penthecosten ad collationem
  3. Incipit: Inebriamini igitur domini
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "I," fol. 281v
fols. 24r - 26r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Omelia beati Gregorii pape de eadem lectione. Gregorius
  3. Incipit: Multis vobis lectionibus fratres karissimi
  4. Decoration note: Historiated initial "M," fol. 24v
fols. 26r - 28r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Incipit: Quia igitur redemptor noster, iam presentis vitae corruptionem transierat
  3. Decoration note: Historiated initial "Q," fol. 26r
fols. 28r - 30v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Incipit: Quaerendum nobis est, cur nominatis discipulis
  3. Decoration note: Historiated initial "Q," fol. 28r
fols. 31r - 32v:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Incipit: Sed cum Judei hunc ad insultationes suas
  3. Decoration note: Decorated initial "S," fol. 31r
fols. 50r - 52r:
  1. Title: Homily
  2. Rubric: Feria tercia
  3. Incipit: Nascente ideo omnes filii dei
  4. Decoration note: Decorated initial "N," fol. 50r

Decoration:

fol. 3r:

  1. W.148, fol. 3r
  2. Title: Portrait of the Evangelist Matthew
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 12 lines
  4. Text: Homily of the Venerable Bede on the Vigil of Easter
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with the Evangelist Matthew. Matthew is depicted seated while he is writing his gospel, which is open on a lectern. At the bottom of the page, long slender tendrils extensions in the margins, populated by a dog chasing a rabbit, end in windmill patterns and gold diamond shapes.

fol. 3v:

  1. W.148, fol. 3v
  2. Title: Portrait of the Venerable Bede
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 14 lines
  4. Text: Homely of the Venerable Bede on the Vigil of Easter
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with the Venerable Bede. Bede is portrayed seated while reading an open book on a lectern in front of him. Long slender tendril extensions in the margins end in ivy leaves.

fol. 16r:

  1. W.148, fol. 16r
  2. Title: Saint Carrying the Palm of Martyrdom
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on the Resurrection
  5. Label: A saint holds the palm of martyrdom in his left hand while gesturing with his right.

fol. 19r:

  1. W.148, fol. 19r
  2. Title: The Entombment of Christ
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on the Resurrection
  5. Label: Blue initial on cross-hatched ground with the entombment of Christ. Joseph of Arimathea and Mary Magdalene lower Christ's body on the sepulcher. Nicodemus rubs the body of Christ with spices, while Mary and St. John mourn.

fol. 19v:

  1. W.148, fol. 19v
  2. Title: An Apostle with Cross
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 9 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on the Resurrection
  5. Label: Blue initial in the shape of a dragon with a human head on cross-hatched ground. An apostle stands holding a cross with the left hand and bestowing a blessing with his right

fol. 21r:

  1. W.148, fol. 21r
  2. Title: Harrowing of Hell
  3. Form: Full-page illumination
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on the Resurrection
  5. Label: Christ rescues a crowd of souls from a large toothed hell mouth

fol. 21v:

  1. W.148, fol. 21v
  2. Title: Bishop Blessing
  3. Form: Historiated intial "D," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter
  5. Label: Bishop wearing a tiara and standing while holding a pastoral staff in his left hand

fol. 23r:

  1. W.148, fol. 23r
  2. Title: Virgin and Child
  3. Form: Single column full-page miniature
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter
  5. Label: Virgin standing under a baldachin and holding the Child on her left arm and a globe in her right hand

fol. 23v:

  1. W.148, fol. 23v
  2. Title: The Resurrection
  3. Form: Full-page illumination
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter
  5. Label: Christ steps out of the grave, around which two guards seated on the ground sleep; Christ holds the banner of the Resurrection in his left hand and bestows a blessing with his right

fol. 24r:

  1. W.148, fol. 24r
  2. Title: Evangelist Mark
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 9 lines
  4. Text: Reading on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: Blue initial on cross-hatched ground. Saint Mark, lion-headed, stands and points to an open book. The initial "M" has the shape of a dragon with long tail.

fol. 24v:

  1. W.148, fol. 24v
  2. Title: Bishop with an Open Book
  3. Form: Historiated intial "M," 8 lines
  4. Text: Homely of St. Gregory on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: Blue initial on cross-hatched ground. A bishop wearing a tiara stands while blessing with his right hand and holding an open book with his left. The initial "M" is formed by a dragon with long tail.

fol. 26r:

  1. W.148, fol. 26r
  2. Title: St. John the Evangelist
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 7 lines
  4. Text: Homely of St. Gregory on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground. St. John the Evangelist holds a goblet in his draped left hand while pointing with his right. The letter "Q" has a dragon-shaped tail

fol. 28r:

  1. W.148, fol. 28r
  2. Title: St. Peter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 7 lines
  4. Text: Homely of St. Gregory on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground. St. Peter stands holding the keys in his right hand. The letter "Q" ends in a dragon-shaped tail

fol. 31r:

  1. W.148, fol. 31r
  2. Title: Initial "S" (Sed cum iudei)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "S," 5 lines
  4. Text: Homely of Saint Gregory on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: Tendrils, clover, and ivy leaves adorn the curve of the letter "S."

fol. 32v:

  1. W.148, fol. 32v
  2. Title: Two Apostles
  3. Form: Two square miniatures, 1 column wide and 15 lines high
  4. Text: Homily of St. Gregory on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: Two apostles standing; one (probably to be identified with John) holds a book in his left hand and gestures with his right; the other (probably James) wears a scallop-shell clasp at the neck, holds a book in his right hand, and grasps a staff in his left.

fol. 33r:

  1. W.148, fol. 33r
  2. Title: Three Marys at the Tomb, Noli me Tangere, and St. John the Baptist
  3. Form: Full-page miniature in two registers
  4. Text: Homely of St. Gregory on the Gospel of Mark
  5. Label: On the upper register of the miniature, the Three Marys approach and gesture toward an angel seated on the rim of the sepulcher. The angel holds a staff in his left hand and gestures toward the Three Marys with his right. On the lower register, Mary Magdalene kneels in front of the Resurrected Jesus, who stands in a landscape gesturing with his right hand toward Mary and holding the end of a shovel in his left. In the right compartment, John the Baptist stands and holds a cross-globe with a representation of the lamb of Revelation in his draped left hand, while pointing to it with his right hand.

fol. 33v:

  1. W.148, fol. 33v
  2. Title: The Crucifixion
  3. Form: Historiated single-column initial "P"
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground. The bowl of the "P" contains the figure of Christ crucified on the cross. The letter continues in long tendrils in the left and bottom margins of the page. The left margin of the page, near the stem of the "P," contains marginalia with an ape shooting an arrow at an owl; on the tendril at the bottom of the page, two apes are battling; one is holding a shield and a club; the other is holding a spear and a shield while riding a creature.

fol. 38r:

  1. W.148, fol. 38r
  2. Title: Bishop Blessing
  3. Form: Historiated initial "N," 11 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Maximus of Turin on Easter
  5. Label: Blue initial on cross-hatched ground. A bishop standing and wearing a tiara, holds a staff in his left hand and blesses with his right. The letter ends in tendril tails decorated with oak leaves and acorns.

fol. 42r:

  1. W.148, fol. 42r
  2. Title: St. Paul with Sword and Book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "N," 9 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter
  5. Label: Blue and red initial on a pink ground. St. Paul standing holds a book in his left hand and a sword in his right. The arch of the initial has a dragon head, and it continues in long tendrils ending in ivy leaves and gold diamonds at the corners and the center bottom margin. On the right margin of the page, an archer takes aim at a creature (probably a bird) that has been cropped out.

fol. 45r:

  1. W.148, fol. 45r
  2. Title: Saint or Apostle
  3. Form: Illumination, 7 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter Sunday
  5. Label: Saint or apostle stands and holds a book in his left hand while pointing at it with his right

fol. 45v:

  1. W.148, fol. 45v
  2. Title: Christ Meeting Two Disciples before the Gate of Emmaus; The Doubting of Thomas
  3. Form: Full-page miniature on two registers
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on Easter Sunday
  5. Label: On the upper register, Christ stands among two disciples and gestures in an act of speech; the disciple at Christ's right is holding a book. On the right of the composition, the door of the city of Emmaus opens. On the lower register, Christ stands at the center of the scene, raising his right arm. On Christ's right, Thomas extends his right hand and probes Christ's wound. The apostles, divided into two groups of five, surround Christ.

fol. 46r:

  1. W.148, fol. 46r
  2. Title: The Resurrection
  3. Form: Full-page initial "N"
  4. Text: Sermon of Saint Augustine on Easter
  5. Label: Blue and red initial on pink cross-hatched ground. Christ steps out the grave holding the banner of the resurrection in his left hand. Two sleeping soldiers sit at the right and left of the grave. The bow of the "N" has the shape of a winged dragon. In the margins of the page, tendrils end in ivy leaves

fol. 49r:

  1. W.148, fol. 49r
  2. Title: Initial "D" (Deus propter)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Feria Tertia
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 52r:

  1. W.148, fol. 52r
  2. Title: Initial "C," (Cristus paganis)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "C," 5 lines
  4. Text: Feria Quarta
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, ivy leaves, and lilies

fol. 54v:

  1. W.148, fol. 54v
  2. Title: Initial "U" (Ut ortus)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "U," 6 lines
  4. Text: Feria Sexta
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 55v:

  1. W.148, fol. 55v
  2. Title: Initial "P" (Populus dei)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "P," 12 lines
  4. Text: On the Octave of Easter
  5. Label: Golden initial on pink and blue checkered ground ornamented with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 57v:

  1. W.148, fol. 57v
  2. Title: Initial "S" (Samson media)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "S," 5 lines
  4. Text: Feria Sexta
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 59r:

  1. W.148, fol. 59r
  2. Title: Initial "F" (Fertur quod)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "F," 12 lines
  4. Text: Feria Tertia
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and clover leaves

fol. 61r:

  1. W.148, fol. 61r
  2. Title: The Supper at Emmaus
  3. Form: Full-page historiated initial "P"
  4. Label: Blue and red initial on pink cross-hatched ground with the Supper at Emmaus. Christ sits at the center of the table flanked by two disciples. The table is pictured in an architectural structure and has a white tablecloth. In the margins of the initial, tendrils end in ivy leaves. On the initial's stem, an ape aims at an owl with bow and arrow.

fol. 62v:

  1. W.148, fol. 62v
  2. Title: An Abbot
  3. Form: Illumination, 11 lines
  4. Label: Tonsured abbot standing and holding a staff in his left hand while blessing with his right

fol. 63r:

  1. W.148, fol. 63r
  2. Title: The Nativity
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "E"
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Maximus of Turin on Easter
  5. Label: Large blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with the Nativity. The Virgin lying in bed holds the Child, while Joseph sits at her left on a rock and sleeps. At the left of the Virgin, the ox and the ass stand in a cave behind the manger. Below the Virgin's bed, a shepherd plays a bagpipe while watching his sheep. Tendrils extend from the letter and decorate the right margin of the page.

fol. 68v:

  1. W.148, fol. 68v
  2. Title: Initial "P" (Pascha nostrum)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "P," 12 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 71v:

  1. W.148, fol. 71v
  2. Title: Initial "R" (Resurrectio domini)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "R," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine on the Resurrection of Christ according to the Gospel of Luke
  5. Label: Golden initial on pink and blue ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 80r:

  1. W.148, fol. 80r
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 9 lines
  4. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and lilies

fol. 81r:

  1. W.148, fol. 81r
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hodie possumus)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 11 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine. Feria tertia
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, oak leaves, acorns, and clover leaves

fol. 87v:

  1. W.148, fol. 87v
  2. Title: Initial "R" (Resurrectio)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "R," 10 lines
  4. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, oak and ivy leaves, and acorns

fol. 92r:

  1. W.148, fol. 92r
  2. Title: Initial "B" (Bis in sancto)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "B," 7 lines
  4. Text: Feria Quarta
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 98v:

  1. W.148, fol. 98v
  2. Title: Christ in Majesty
  3. Form: Historiated initial "H" framing the whole page with Christ in Majesty
  4. Label: Blue and red initial on pink cross-hatched ground. Christ in Majesty sits on a rainbow in a mandorla blessing. He holds an open book in his right hand and bestows a blessing with his left. The Virgin and John the Baptist kneel respectively on the right and left side. A tendril with a pinwheel and an owl decorate the bottom margin of the page.

fol. 104r:

  1. W.148, fol. 104r
  2. Title: Initial "D," (Dilectum in lectulo)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "D," 11 lines
  4. Text: Feria Quinta
  5. Label: Golden initial on pink and blue ground decorated with tendrils, ivy and clove leaves

fol. 117r:

  1. W.148, fol. 117r
  2. Title: Initial "C" (Cantate domino)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "C," 8 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink ground with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 119v:

  1. W.148, fol. 119v
  2. Title: Initial "F" (Filius accrescens)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "F," 15 lines
  4. Text: Feria Sexta. Sermon of Peter Lombard
  5. Label: Golden initial on pink and blue ground with tendrils, ivy, and clover leaves

fol. 126v:

  1. W.148, fol. 126v
  2. Title: Initial "P" (Pascha Christi)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "P," 11 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink ground with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 129v:

  1. W.148, fol. 129v
  2. Title: Initial "C" (Cristus resurgens)
  3. Form: Ornamented initial "C," 8 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, ivy leaves, and lilies

fol. 135r:

  1. W.148, fol. 135r
  2. Title: Ornamented initial "U" (Una sabbati)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "U," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden ornamented initial on blue and pink ground with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 141v:

  1. W.148, fol. 141v
  2. Title: Initial "D" (Domini nostri)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, ivy leaves, and clovers

fol. 144r:

  1. W.148, fol. 144r
  2. Title: Initial "D" (Divine auctoritatis)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "D," 6 lines
  4. Text: On the Celebration of Easter before the Equinox
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and clover leaves

fol. 148v:

  1. W.148, fol. 148v
  2. Title: Initial "S" (Sacer ecclesie)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "S," 5 lines
  4. Text: On the Station of Easter Day after the Procession
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and clover leaves

fol. 149v:

  1. W.148, fol. 149v
  2. Title: Initial "T" (Totum diei)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "T," 5 lines
  4. Text: On the Office of Easter Day
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground with tendrils and clover leaves

fol. 151v:

  1. W.148, fol. 151v
  2. Title: Initial "R" (Recte ac laudabiliter)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "R," 5 lines
  4. Text: On the Holy Mary
  5. Label: Golden initial on pink and blue checkered ground decorated with tendrils ad ivy leaves

fol. 152v:

  1. W.148, fol. 152v
  2. Title: Initial "C" (Comedi favum)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "C," 8 lines
  4. Text: Prayer of Saturday
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue an pink ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 154r:

  1. W.148, fol. 154r
  2. Title: King David Enthroned; The Doubting of Thomas
  3. Form: Illumination, 6 lines; historiated initial "Q," 10 lines
  4. Text: On the Octave of Easter
  5. Label: King David enthroned holds a beast-headed psaltery in his left hand and a long blank scroll curling into the margin in his right hand. A blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground contains the doubting of Thomas. Two apostles stand behind Thomas, while he puts his right finger in Christ's wound. In the right margin, the initial continues in a large dragon tail with wings that ends in a windmill shape.

fol. 167r:

  1. W.148, fol. 167r
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 171r:

  1. W.148, fol. 171r
  2. Title: Initial "D" (Domine noster)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Prayer of the Saturday
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 173r:

  1. W.148, fol. 173r
  2. Title: Initial "L" (Lupus venit)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "L," 7 lines
  4. Text: On the second Sunday after Easter
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with a tetragonal geometric shape, tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 177v:

  1. W.148, fol. 177v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 9 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink ground decorated with tendrils and oak and ivy leaves

fol. 180r:

  1. W.148, fol. 180r
  2. Title: Initial "R," (Revertere similis)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "R," 7 lines
  4. Text: On the Third Saturday after Easter
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, ivy and clove leaves

fol. 181v:

  1. W.148, fol. 181v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 8 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with a tetragonal motif, tendrils, lilies, and ivy leaves

fol. 188r:

  1. W.148, fol. 188r
  2. Title: Initial "A" (Ante sex)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "A," 9 lines
  4. Text: Song on the prayer of Saturday?
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, ivy, and clover leaves

fol. 190r:

  1. W.148, fol. 190r
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground ornamented with tendrils and lilies

fol. 194v:

  1. W.148, fol. 194v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 9 lines
  4. Text: On the Fourth Sunday after Easter
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink checkered ground decorated with tendrils, clover, and ivy leaves

fol. 196r:

  1. W.148, fol. 196r
  2. Title: Initial "M" (Magnum et)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "M," 7 lines
  4. Text: Song on the Prayer of Saturday
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink ground decorated with tendrils and clover and ivy leaves

fol. 197v:

  1. W.148, fol. 197v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 11 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Golden initial on blue and pink ground decorated with tendrils and lilies

fol. 204v:

  1. W.148, fol. 204v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 9 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink ground decorated with gray and red interlaces forming two tetragonal shapes

fol. 212v:

  1. W.148, fol. 212v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hec est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 10 lines
  4. Text: Bishop Maximus
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground. The arch of the letter "H" has a dragon shape and ends in a pinwheel

fol. 219v:

  1. W.148, fol. 219v
  2. Title: Initial "C" (Certum est)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "C," 10 lines
  4. Text: Bishop Maximus
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 222r:

  1. W.148, fol. 222r
  2. Title: Initial "P" (Post beatam)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "P," 11 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of Pope Leo on the Ascension
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with tendrils and ivy leaves. Two female figures occupy the top and bottom of the bar forming the letter "P"; the one at the top wears a crown.

fol. 226r:

  1. W.148, fol. 226r
  2. Title: Initial "S" (Sacramentum dilectissimi)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "S," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of Pope Leo on the Ascension
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 231v:

  1. W.148, fol. 231v
  2. Title: Initial "O" (Omnes gentes)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "O," 5 lines
  4. Text: Prayer on the Ascension
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 232v:

  1. W.148, fol. 232v
  2. Title: Initial "D" (Postquam locutus)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "D," 7 lines
  4. Text: On the Ascension
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves. On the upper margin of the page, the tendril forms a pinwheel.

fol. 239v:

  1. W.148, fol. 239v
  2. Title: Initial "F" (Fratres carissimi)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "F," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with tendrils and ivy leaves. The stem of the letter "F" continues on the lower margin of the page and ends in ivy leaves

fol. 242v:

  1. W.148, fol. 242v
  2. Title: The Ascension
  3. Form: Historiated initial "F," 10 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of St. Augustine
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with the Ascension. The Virgin and Saint Peter with a group of Apostles flank a tall hill. They look at Christ disappearing in a cloud. Christ's feet and a wounded hand are visible. The stem of the "F" has a winged dragon shape with a lion head and ends in a tendril with ivy leaves

fol. 248v:

  1. W.148, fol. 248v
  2. Title: Initial "H," (Hodie sedenti)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 11 lines
  4. Text: Abbot Bernhard
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink ground. At the center, a rhomboid shape on blue and pink ground decorated with golden dots, tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 255r:

  1. W.148, fol. 255r
  2. Title: Initial "P" (Post illum)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "P," 12 lines
  4. Text: Prayer for the Ascension
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with tendrils and ivy leaves. The stem of the letter "P" continues on the bottom of the page, forming tendrils on which are represented two apes battling with a stick.

fol. 257r:

  1. W.148, fol. 257r
  2. Title: Initial "C" (Comedite amici)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "C," 10 lines
  4. Text: Prayer on the Vigil of Pentecost
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground decorated with tendrils and ivy leaves

fol. 258v:

  1. W.148, fol. 258v
  2. Title: The Pentecost and Initial "A" (Audistis fratres)
  3. Form: Illumination, 9 lines; decorated initial, 10 lines
  4. Text: On the Day of Pentecost
  5. Label: Illumination with the Pentecost. The Virgin at the center is flanked by apostles, while the Dove of the Holy Spirit descends above her. Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground decorated with tendrils, ivy leaves, and a man with a bow shooting an arrow at an ape ringing bells

fol. 270r:

  1. W.148, fol. 270r
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hodie dilectissimi)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 11 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of Bernhard on the Pentecost
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with tendrils and ivy leaves. The curve of the letter "H" has a dragon shape. Inside the letter, two apes play a rebec (above) and bells (below)

fol. 276v:

  1. W.148, fol. 276v
  2. Title: Initial "H" (Hodie sollempnitatem)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "H," 7 lines
  4. Text: Sermon of Abbot Bernhard on the Pentecost
  5. Label: Blue initial on pink cross-hatched ground with tendrils and ivy leaves. The curve of the "H" has a large dragon shape with wings and a windmill tail.

fol. 281v:

  1. W.148, fol. 281v
  2. Title: Initial "I" (Inebriamini igitur)
  3. Form: Decorated initial "I," 13 lines
  4. Text: Prayer on the Day of Pentecost
  5. Label: Golden initial decorated with tendrils, apes, and two crowned female bust figures on the stem of the initial

Binding

The binding is not original.

German sixteenth-century alum-tawed white pigskin, blind tooled over wood boards; back: four upper raised bands; blue and white headbands; each cover is ruled by triple fillets to form a rectangular disposition of frames and fillets around a central rectangle; the areas are filled with a close series of stamped impressions; strips decorated with vegetal motives alternate with impressed stamps; page edges painted in red; two brass catches


Provenance

Léon Gruel and Robert Engelmann, Paris, late nineteenth-early twentieth century, no. 139

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel and Engelmann before 1931


Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest


Bibliography

De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 823, no. 395.

Comstock, Helen. "The Connoisseur in America: Illuminated Manuscripts and Early Books of the Walters Collection." Connoisseur 96 (1935): p. 346.

Swarzenski, Hans. "Review of Marie Mollwo, 'Das Wettinger Graduale.'" Phoebus 2 (1948): p. 45.

Wadsworth Atheneum. Life of Christ. Hartford, 1948, p. 31, no. 180.

Miner Dorothy. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Baltimore: The Walters Art Gallery with the Baltimore Museum of Art, 1949, p. 50, no. 137, fig. 53a.

Los Angeles County Museum. Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts. Los Angeles, 1953, no. 82.

Wentzel, Horst. "Eine Deutsche Glasmalerei-Zeichnung des 14. Jahrhunderts." Zeitschrift für Kunstwissenschaft 12 (1958): 131-40.

Wentzel, Horst. "Ein Elfenbeinbüchlein zur passionsandacht." Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 24 (1962): p. 209, no. 40.

Diringer, David. The Illuminated Book: Its History and Production. London: Faber, 1967, p. 190.

Stechow, Wolfgang. "Emmaus." Reallexikon zur Deutschen Kunstgeschichte, ed. O. Schmitt Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 1967, cols. 233-34, 241.

Miner, Dorothy. "Preparatory Sketches by the Master of Bodleian Douce MS. 185." In Kunsthistorische Forschungen Otto Pächt zu seinem 70. Geburtstag. Artur Rosenauer, Gerold Weber, and Gertraut Schikola, ed. Salzburg: Residenz Verlag, 1972, pp. 118-123, figs. 1-10; 17.

Kroos, Renate. "Der Codex-Gisle I: Forschungsbericht und Datierung." Niederdeutsche Beiträge zur Kunstgeschichte 12 (1973): p. 130, no. 27.

Roosen-Runge-Mollwo, Matie. "Ein illustriertes Blatt in Cleveland aus dem Wettinger Graduale." Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte 31 (1974): pp. 97-109.

Robb, M. David. The Art of the Illuminated Manuscript. Cranbury, N.J: Philadelphia Art Alliance Press, 1973, p. 256, fig. 176.

Miner, Dorothy. Anastasie and Her Sisters: Women Artists of the Middle Ages. Baltimore, 1974, pp. 14-18, figs. 4-5.

Brown University. Transformations of the Court Style: Gothic Art in Europe, 1270 to 1330. Providence, 1977, p. 136.

Alexander, Jonathan J. G. Medieval Illuminators and Their Methods of Work. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992, pp. 56-57, p. 165 no. 33, figs. 79-80.

Oliver, Judith. "The Walters Homilary and Westphalian Manuscripts." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 54 (1996): pp. 69-85.


Contributors

Principal cataloger: Noel, William

Catalogers: Dutschke, Consuelo; Herbert, Lynley; Sciacca, Christine; Valle, Chiara; Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editors: Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail

Contributors: Bockrath, Diane; Davis, Lisa Fagin; Emery, Doug; Klemm, Elizabeth; Noel, William; Pizzinato, Riccardo; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.


Publisher

The Walters Art Museum


License

Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.