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Walters Ms. W.917, Apocalypse with patristic commentary
Apocalypse with patristic commentary
Authority name: Andrew, Archbishop of Caesarea
This manuscript was made around 1800 by the “Old Believers,” a group of Russian Christians who dissented from the Russian Orthodox Church and were subsequently persecuted and excommunicated. Because their books were often confiscated and they were forbidden to use printing presses, they continued to write important works such as this one by hand. The manuscript contains the text of the New Testament book of Revelation along with a patristic commentary, which is accompanied by a series of seventy-one striking full-page miniatures.
Ca. 1800 CE
The primary language in this manuscript is Russian.
Made of a variety of different types of paper, both laid and wove, ranging from thin to very thick; miniatures generally on thicker paper; some small repairs to paper; no watermarks visible; three different small (approximately 17 mm x 12 mm) raised seals appear occasionally, two containing Cyrillic letters and one ornamented
Pastedowns appear to be part of the original quire structure; folios numbered in pencil (arabic numerals) at top right and in ink (Cyrillic numerals) at bottom right; foliation includes the blank pages before and after the written text; one folio missing between fols. 162 and 163
Formula: The brittle condition of the paper makes it impossible to determine the exact structure of the quires, most of which are made with additional folios (generally those containing images) pasted in
Signatures: Signatures on first page of each quire at bottom center, in Cyrillic numbers; some signatures repeated on subsequent folios, probably to indicate where images were to be inserted
Comments: Quires begin on: pastedown(1), 8(2), 15(3), 19(4), 23(5), 29(6), 33(7), 38(8), 44(9), 48(10), 54(11), 58(12), 63(13), 68(14), 72(15), 76(16), 83(17), 88(18), 94(19), 99(20), 103(21), 109(22), 114(23), 118(24), 124(25), 132(26), 138(27), 144(28), 150(29), 156(30), 163(31), 168(32), 173(33), 180(34), 186(35), 190(36), 195(37), 201(38), 206(39), 213(40), 219(41), 225(42), 229(43)
21.0 cm wide by 29.0 cm high
14.0 cm wide by 19.0 cm high
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 18-20
- Title: Apocalypse
- Hand note: Script squared, semi-uncial
- Decoration note: Seventy-one full-page miniatures; three ornamented headpieces; decorated initials throughout (6-8 lines); rubrics in red; text in black ink
- Title: The whore of Babylon
- Form: Full-page miniature
This image is nearly identical to that on fol. 164v, though some colors are different
The binding is original.
Leather over wooden boards, with brass clasps and studs; leather stamped with patterns, but heavily worn
Russia, ca. 1800, created by Russian "Old Believers"
Unknown owner and date; ownership inscription in purple pencil on front and rear pastedowns and on fol. 1v: "Rukopis [ms] No7"; name written below appears to have been erased
Unknown owner; inscription in green pencil on rear pastedown: "26. x. 34." "C. K. A. L. I. S."
Walters Art Museum, 2005, purchased from Sam Fogg Rare Books and Manuscripts
Museum purchase, 2005
Cleminson, Ralph. A Union Catalogue of Cyrillic Manuscripts in British and Irish Collections. London, 1988 (see discussion of Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum Ms. 7-1972, comparable to W.917 in date and composition)
Cataloger: Kauffman, Nicholas
Editor: Herbert, Lynley
Copy editor: Dibble, Charles
Conservator: Quandt, Abigail
Contributors: Bockrath, Diane; Emery, Doug; Noel, William; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.
The Walters Art Museum
Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.